Tense is the soul of the English language. To maintain effective communication in everyday interaction in English with the global people the clear concept of grammatical tense is a must. One must understand the situation or the appropriate time of occurrence and should use the proper tense to maintain effective communication.
Definition of tense
English tense is totally associated with the time and situation. The definition of tense may be described as ‘tense’ is basically the use of a form of the verb to express the time related to the moment of occurrence of an action or the moment of speaking. For example;
“The world is getting hot day by day.” Here in the sentence, the time reference is present continuous tense. That is the occurrence of the event is happening in the present time.
There are mainly three kinds of tense in the English language .they are;
- Present tense.(it refers to the present moment of occurrence of an event)
For example, Sarah gets up early in the morning.
- Past tense. (it refers to the past moment of occurrence of an event)
For example, Sarah went to church yesterday for purification.
- Future tense. (it refers to the future moment of occurrence of an event)
For example, Sarah will visit her aunt next Sunday.
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Types Of Tenses
Now every kind of tense is also divided into four types. First of all, the present tense is four kinds.
- Present indefinite tense.
Structure: : Subject + Main Verb+ Extension or object
Examples: I live in London, I like reading books in my leisure time.
Structure: Subject + am/is/are + main verb + ing +extension.
Examples: They are traveling in Chicago. We are going to College regularly.
Structure: Subject + Have/ has +Past participle form of verb + object
Examples: He has started a new work, I have lost my Smartphone.
Structure: Subject + have/has been + main verb +ing +extension.
Examples: I have been reading two books since morning.
Secondly, there are four kinds of past tenses
Structure: Subject + past form of main verb + Extension.
Examples: They did the task, We went to go, New York before 1 year ago.
Structure: Subject + was/ were + (main verb + ing) + Extension.
Examples: They were playing Football, He was watching Drama.
Structure: Subject + had + Past Participle of main verb + extension.
Examples: They had shifted to a new flat, He had joined with me for his self-respect
Subject + had been + main verb + ing + object.
Examples: He had been cooking for her children, We had been running for a few times.
Finally, the future tense is four kinds as well.
Structure: Subject + shall/will + verb +object.
Examples: We will go to college, He will ready to do his homework.
Structure: Subject + shall be / will be + (verb +ing) + extension.
Examples: I will be dancing in the program tomorrow, They will be traveling in Australia.
Structure: Subject + shall have / will have + past participle of main verb + extension.
Examples: They will have taken their Lunch, He will have played Ice Hockey.
Structure: Subject + shall have / will have + been + (verb + ing) + extension.
Examples: I will have been shopping for her before she comes to my home