What Went Wrong? — Global Issues

GENEVA, Aug 19 (IPS) - After the horrendous tragedies of 9/11 in the year 2001, the US intervened in Afghanistan

Even the West's main adversaries, the Russian Federation and the People's Republic of China, endorsed the war

Afghans assumed that after years of wars and calamities, peace, security, and serenity were at their doorsteps

In the ensuing twenty years, 3,600 foreign soldiers (2,500 Americans) sacrificed their lives, 34,000 (21,000 Americans) were wounded, and dozens of

Though the number of wounded and traumatized Afghans cannot be precisely evaluated, the sequels of war affected

What instigated the "submission of the West" would be arduous to comprehend at this stage as intervening

However, there is an absolute need to understand and draw lessons based on the available evidence

The “Agreement on Provisional Arrangements in Afghanistan” ignored decades of transformation in the country

In particular, the resistance against the Soviet Union and communist regimes, the Mujahidin tragic era, and the

At least, it would have split the extremist movement from the onset of the West intervention

As a result, the “broad-based government” was senseless for reconstructing a war-torn country and seemed nothing but

Nepotism, tribalism, rampant corruption, dilettantism, loyalty to foreign interests, and many other flagrant handicaps promptly affected central

He and his successor (2014 to 2021) were not recognized for any significant contribution against terrorism or political and

Senior executives and politicians of the country felt "fuehrer" and untouchable, granting all privileges and rights to

The creation of the General Independent Administration for Anti-Corruption in 2004 was a significant failure; the first head

Its replacement in 2008 by the High Office for the Oversight and Anti-Corruption did not prove helpful as

Others against whom rock-solid proof of misdeeds existed were shielded

The enthusiasm for “smoking out” Al-Qaeda and their protectors from Afghanistan and “ending terrorism” did not last

Already as of 2003, they were cognizant of cronyism, kleptocracy, and other appalling realities in the country

Its reports on mismanagement of resources often went unattended

The silence of the West was a tacit endorsement of the misdeed

A government based on an unworkable political agreement was founded

Despite its promising nature, the hurdle relied on the fact that there was no change in the

The US and its closest allies closed their eyes and ears to the widespread malfunctions, including in

The Russian Federation, the People’s Republic of China, and the Islamic Republic of Iran monitored the

” Pakistan maneuvered to manage Afghanistan through the Taliban

They had learned from the failure of their first attempt (1996-2001) and had conveniently prepared the new

India and Central Asian countries earnestly endeavored for a peaceful Afghanistan

Instead, the UN bogged down in rubber-stamping the desires of the strongest

The accusation of Taliban activists benefitting from the “return of refugees” program to settle in the northern

In addition, it assumed the prime role in managing multi-lateral aid to the Afghan people, amounting to

There are accounts of endemic mismanagement, corruption, and inefficiency

A few who then became the bigwigs of the regimes profited immensely from its flow

The fact that hundreds of billions of US dollars per year will have an end did not

Despite democratic avenues, most remained "infirm" on their leaders' rampant corruption, nepotism, tribalism, and inefficiency

With the above in mind, there was no chance for the republic to sustain itself in Afghanistan

© Inter Press Service (2022) — All Rights ReservedOriginal source: Inter Press Service

Afghanistan: What Went Wrong?, Inter Press Service, Friday, August 19, 2022 (posted by Global Issues)